Lahey/GNU Fortran

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7.8 Namespace Association

Caution: The semantics of this extension are not fully defined. Users should refrain from using this extension as its semantics may change subtly over time. It is possible that this extension will be removed in future versions of G++.

A using-directive with __attribute ((strong)) is stronger than a normal using-directive in two ways:

The used namespace must be nested within the using namespace so that normal unqualified lookup works properly.

This is useful for composing a namespace transparently from implementation namespaces. For example:

     namespace std {
       namespace debug {
         template <class T> struct A { };
       }
       using namespace debug __attribute ((__strong__));
       template <> struct A<int> { };   // ok to specialize
     
       template <class T> void f (A<T>);
     }
     
     int main()
     {
       f (std::A<float>());             // lookup finds std::f
       f (std::A<int>());
     }