Lahey/GNU Fortran

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8.188 PACK — Pack an array into an array of rank one

Description:
Stores the elements of ARRAY in an array of rank one.

The beginning of the resulting array is made up of elements whose MASK equals TRUE. Afterwards, positions are filled with elements taken from VECTOR.

Standard:
Fortran 95 and later
Class:
Transformational function
Syntax:
RESULT = PACK(ARRAY, MASK[,VECTOR]
Arguments:

ARRAY Shall be an array of any type.
MASK Shall be an array of type LOGICAL and of the same size as ARRAY. Alternatively, it may be a LOGICAL scalar.
VECTOR (Optional) shall be an array of the same type as ARRAY and of rank one. If present, the number of elements in VECTOR shall be equal to or greater than the number of true elements in MASK. If MASK is scalar, the number of elements in VECTOR shall be equal to or greater than the number of elements in ARRAY.

Return value:
The result is an array of rank one and the same type as that of ARRAY. If VECTOR is present, the result size is that of VECTOR, the number of TRUE values in MASK otherwise.
Example:
Gathering nonzero elements from an array:
          PROGRAM test_pack_1
            INTEGER :: m(6)
            m = (/ 1, 0, 0, 0, 5, 0 /)
            WRITE(*, FMT="(6(I0, ' '))") pack(m, m /= 0)  ! "1 5"
          END PROGRAM
     

Gathering nonzero elements from an array and appending elements from VECTOR:

          PROGRAM test_pack_2
            INTEGER :: m(4)
            m = (/ 1, 0, 0, 2 /)
            WRITE(*, FMT="(4(I0, ' '))") pack(m, m /= 0, (/ 0, 0, 3, 4 /))  ! "1 2 3 4"
          END PROGRAM
     

See also:
UNPACK